My Cousin’s Dialysis Has Gotten Better Thanks For Asking

Understanding the Maintenance of The Dialysis Access Port
There is no denying that dialysis is a miracle breakthrough, which can be used to combat renal failure. In the past, there was little to no hope for these individuals. With the use of machines, it is possible for medical professionals to remove excess water and waste for the patient’s blood. Typically, this procedure is used to help replicate the functions of the kidneys in individuals, who have lost the natural kidneys functions. The treatment is capable of improving the kidney’s capacities, regardless of the severity of the failure. For instance, it may be used in acute cases, but it can also be used for more severe situations. Of course, this type of treatment, although highly effective, comes with great responsibility.

Different Types of Dialysis
It is imperative to understand that there is actually an assortment of different dialysis treatments, which differ significantly. In general, the Hemodialysis is the most common and requires the patient to undergo four-hour treatment several times a week. The second most common is peritoneal dialysis, which requires the patient to undergo the treatment approximately four to five times per day. And finally, the patient may decide to go through the hemofiltration route, which is very similar to hemodialysis, but no dialysate is used.

Hemodialysis – Types of Access

Since the hemodialysis is the most common. It is important for the patient to get to know the specific types of access ports that many be utilized. With this specific type of dialysis, the medical professional can select from three different accesses to reach the blood, including a synthetic graft, an arteriovenous fistula or an intravenous catheter. In general, the patient’s specific situation will guide the decision, but it is possible for each to have multiple access points. Regardless of choice, the patient will be required to undergo an operation, in order to implement the access point.

  • AV Fistula – The process joins an artery and vein, within your arm.
  • AV Graft – A soft tube is utilized to join the two.
  • Catheter – A soft tube is inserted in a large vein, with the neck being the usually target.

Most medical professionals agree that the AV fistula is the best option, with the graft following close behind. In general, the catheter should only be used for temporary access.

Maintenance for the Port

Overall, it is imperative for the patient to learn proper maintenance for taking care of their port and to help prevent infections and clotting. There are a number of different actions that should be taken, in order to keep your access clean. Remember that the dressing should remain clean and dry, at all times. When you visit your dialysis center, it is imperative to ensure that your care team takes the time to change the dressing, while inspecting the insertion site. This will help to cut down on the potential risk of infections and future problems.

Of course, you should remember that you’re responsible for caring for the port at home. If you’re a caregiver, you should ensure that the patient fully understands how to care for the access and change the dressing on his or her own. As the patient, it will become your responsibility to learn how to properly change the dressing. Also, make sure to have an emergency dressing kit stored away at home, in case complications occur.

Remember to avoid getting the port wet! Do not swim or shower, but it possible to take baths, as long as you take extra precautions to protect the catheter. The caps or clamps should be closed tightly, at all times. It is crucial to prevent air from entering the access port! When cleaning, everyone nearby should protect himself or herself, by wearing a mask over their facial orifices.

Know the Signs of an Infection
While you may have followed all of the catheter care instructions perfectly, it is possible for infections and clots to occur. In order to handle the problem properly, you should familiarize yourself with the signs of an infection. When you recognize these problems, you will be able to instantly take action, notify your care team and find a solution to the problem immediately. This will ensure that proper action is taken, which will help to prevent future complications.

  • Fevers and Chills
  • Noticeable drainage from the exit site
  • The site is red and tender
  • Feeling weak or ill

Potential Treatments

In general, there are a number of potential treatments, which can help fight infections. It is possible for your medical professional to apply an ointment to the infection site, in hopes of stopping it from spreading. However, if drainage is visible, you will likely need to take antibiotics. If the infection has noticeable entered the blood, the medical doctor will most likely opt to inject antibiotic into your bloodstream, which will help prevent the infection from worsening.

Work with Your Medical Professional

In order to make sure that you’re properly caring for your access, it is crucial to work alongside your medical professional. They’ll be able to supply you with a treatment plan, which should be followed strictly. Also, make sure that you begin keeping track of your Kt/V and URR numbers. Supply this information to your dialysis team and they will be able to ensure that you’re receiving the appropriate treatment. If you have any concerns or feel that something may be out of the ordinary, it is imperative to speak with your doctor or dialysis team. They’ll be able to address the problem and treat potential complications.

The Best Lodging Spots in Milan, Italy

Although many travelers consider Milan to be one of the least attractive cities in the country of Italy, it is actually one of the most important, in terms of economy. Of course, this is not to say that the city doesn’t offer some excellent attractions for tourists. In fact, there are plenty of things to do, while exploring the city, including shopping, enjoying the nightlife and taking in some exciting football. If you’re traveling to the city, in order to explore the country’s lavish fashion scene, you’ll definitely want to make your way to Milan. When it comes to planning your travels, you’ll need to make sure to choose a nice, luxurious hostel. Thankfully, the city offers plenty of choices, which come in several price ranges. If you’re interested in splurging, you’ll be offered plenty of chances to do so. Below, you’ll find those options, as well as some of the less expensive lodging spots in the city.

The Four Seasons

If you’ve got the money and want to make your trip, as memorable as possible, you’ll want to book a room at the Four Seasons in Milan. At the establishment, you’ll be staying in the heart of Milan. The facility contains nearly 120 rooms, as well as three individual dining venues. Of course, the most amazing aspect of the hotel could very well be on the outside. The enormous and beautiful landscaped courtyard is absolutely stunning and captivating. Once you step inside of this extravagant facility, you’ll instantly understand the need for the expensive cost. If you’ve got the budget, this is definitely a viable option.

The Hilton

If your budget is a little slim, but you still want a nice room, you should consider the Hilton Milan Hostel. This facility offers a range of excellent amenities, which will make your stay much more enjoyable, including a wonderful fitness center that includes plenty of equipment and televisions. Those that are traveling for business reasons will be able to take advantage of the hotel’s meeting rooms, which can hold a couple hundred individuals. The hostel is perfectly situated and will give you quick access to some of the city’s best attractions including the La Scala opera house.

The Hotel Principe di Savoia

Those that want to spend their time living like a rich resident of Milan will want to book a room at this five star hotel. Although many people will not be able to afford it, the Presidential Suite is definitely a must! This outrageously lavish suite is separated from the other rooms and will allow you to spend your time on the top floor of the facility. From there, you’ll be able to access your very own private swimming pool! Again, the hotel is perfectly placed and gives easy access to some of the city’s best shopping centers.


Overall, Milan is a wonderful destination for tourists, who are looking to splurge on a luxurious getaway. If this is something you have in mind, be sure to choose a hotel that is capable of providing you with the same level of luxury. One of the hotels above will certainly do the trick.

HTML5 Canvas example – an introduction to the basics: create a branded QR code Canvas widget!

The HTML5 Canvas element is a 2D drawing interface supported by most modern web browsers. Canvas enables a web developer to draw anything directly into a web browser natively, without the need for Java or Flash plugins.

While the Canvas API is fairly simple and straight forward, it is very robust.  Given its flexibility and freedom from plugins, I predict that Canvas is likely to become  the base building block of choice, that developers will leverage in constructing future web applications on desktop, tablet, and mobile devices.

To demonstrate the basic capabilities of the Canvas API, I have created a simple QR code widget, which can be used on websites, or printed out and placed on marketing materials.  To learn more about QR codes, please visit my two previous posts: Create a Quick Response Code (QR Code) image using Google Chart and Branding a Quick Response Code (QR Code) with a custom logo.
This blog post will introduce you to the following Canvas concepts
  •  Creating a Canvas context
  •  Writing text on the context
  •  Adding images to the context
  • Shadow and rotation treatments


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